Main Religions Of The World - Broad Details
Hinduism - Main Teachings
- God is present in everyone as the Atma (Divyatma Swaroopas)
- The same Atma therefore links all beings with God (Brahman)
- God is present in everything and everywhere
- Happiness and Misery are our own creations and are based on our Karma or action we do (Law of Karma)
- Man is reborn again and again until he finally attains Moksha
- God descends to the Earth time and again to restore Dharma and guide mankind on to the righteous path (Concept of Avatar)
- All pathways lead to God
- God realization is the goal of human life (Four Purusharthas – Dharma Artha Kama and Moksha)
- Religion helps us achieve this goal
Buddhism - Main Teachings: The Eight Fold Noble Path
- Right View: The right way to think about life is to see the world through the eyes of the Buddha – with wisdom and compassion.
- Right Thought: We are what we think. Clear and kind thoughts build good, strong characters.
- Right Speech:By speaking kind and helpful words, we are respected and trusted by everyone.
- Right Conduct: No matter what we say, others know us from the way we behave. Before we criticize others, we should first see what we do ourselves.
- Right Livelihood: This means choosing a job that does not hurt others. Buddha said, “Do not earn your living by harming others.Do not seek happiness by making others unhappy.”
- Right Effort: A worthwhile life means doing our best at all times and having good will toward others. This also means not wasting effort on things that harm ourselves and others.
- Right Mindfulness: This means being aware of our thoughts, words, and deeds.
- Right Meditation: Focus on one thought or object at a time. By doing this, we can be quiet and attain true peace of mind.
Zoroastrianism - Main Teachings
- Belief in Supreme and Universal God:
- Ahura Mazda is the supreme omniscient and omnipotent God – the creator as well as the sustainer
- He resides in the heart of human beings as truth and righteousness
- Belief in the duality of existence:
- The world is a battle ground between good and evil forces.
- The Lord uses his power to destroy evil and falsehood in the world.
- The overriding ethical principle of Zoroastrianism is Humata, Hukhta, Huvarshta
- “Good thoughts, Good words and Good deeds.”
- Belief in the sanctity of elements: Fire, water, earth and air should be kept pure by not allowing the evil entities to pollute them and by leading righteous lives.
Christianity - Main Teachings
- Love your enemies
- Do good to those who hate you
- Bless those who curse you and pray for those who mistreat you
- If anyone hits you on one cheek, let him hit the other cheek too
- Give and expect nothing back
- Be merciful, just as your Father in Heaven is merciful
- Never do to others what you would not want them to do to you
- Do not judge others but correct yourself first
- Do not judge others and God will not judge you
- Forgive others and God will forgive you
- Don’t do to others as you would have them do to you
- Love one another as I have loved you
- Forgive one another
- The Prodigal Son (the lost son) is always welcome in his Father’s House
- God is Love; turn to God with love for God; this will make God present in your midst and in your life.
- The Kingdom of Heaven is within you. Seek first the Kingdom of Heaven, and all else will be added unto you.
Isalm - Main Teachings
The basic essentials in “The Practice of Islam” are summed up in the five pillars of faith which are:
- There is only one God Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.
- Prayer[Namaz] is the duty of every Muslim. The prescribed prayers five times daily must be observed.
- Keeping Fast during the month of Ramadaan from morning to dusk is a duty for all
- The giving of charity to the need (Zakat) is a religious duty
- If possible, he must go on a pilgrimage[Haj] to Mecca atleast once in his lifetime
[Adapted from Sri Sathya Sai Balvikas Primer II]
NOTE TO GURUS: Gurus may refer to the topic ‘Unity of Faiths’ for reference materials on this topic.