Main Religions Of The World - Broad Details

Hinduism - Main Teachings
  • God is present in everyone as the Atma (Divyatma Swaroopas)
  • The same Atma therefore links all beings with God (Brahman)
  • God is present in everything and everywhere
  • Happiness and Misery are our own creations and are based on our Karma or action we do (Law of Karma)
  • Man is reborn again and again until he finally attains Moksha
  • God descends to the Earth time and again to restore Dharma and guide mankind on to the righteous path (Concept of Avatar)
  • All pathways lead to God
  • God realization is the goal of human life (Four Purusharthas – Dharma Artha Kama and Moksha)
  • Religion helps us achieve this goal
Buddhism - Main Teachings: The Eight Fold Noble Path
  • Right View: The right way to think about life is to see the world through the eyes of the Buddha – with wisdom and compassion.
  • Right Thought: We are what we think. Clear and kind thoughts build good, strong characters.
  • Right Speech:By speaking kind and helpful words, we are respected and trusted by everyone.
  • Right Conduct: No matter what we say, others know us from the way we behave. Before we criticize others, we should first see what we do ourselves.
  • Right Livelihood: This means choosing a job that does not hurt others. Buddha said, “Do not earn your living by harming others.Do not seek happiness by making others unhappy.”
  • Right Effort: A worthwhile life means doing our best at all times and having good will toward others. This also means not wasting effort on things that harm ourselves and others.
  • Right Mindfulness: This means being aware of our thoughts, words, and deeds.
  • Right Meditation: Focus on one thought or object at a time. By doing this, we can be quiet and attain true peace of mind.
Zoroastrianism - Main Teachings
  • Belief in Supreme and Universal God:
    • Ahura Mazda is the supreme omniscient and omnipotent God – the creator as well as the sustainer
    • He resides in the heart of human beings as truth and righteousness
  • Belief in the duality of existence:
    • The world is a battle ground between good and evil forces.
    • The Lord uses his power to destroy evil and falsehood in the world.
  • The overriding ethical principle of Zoroastrianism is Humata, Hukhta, Huvarshta
    • “Good thoughts, Good words and Good deeds.”
  • Belief in the sanctity of elements: Fire, water, earth and air should be kept pure by not allowing the evil entities to pollute them and by leading righteous lives.
Christianity - Main Teachings
  • Love your enemies
  • Do good to those who hate you
  • Bless those who curse you and pray for those who mistreat you
  • If anyone hits you on one cheek, let him hit the other cheek too
  • Give and expect nothing back
  • Be merciful, just as your Father in Heaven is merciful
  • Never do to others what you would not want them to do to you
  • Do not judge others but correct yourself first
  • Do not judge others and God will not judge you
  • Forgive others and God will forgive you
  • Don’t do to others as you would have them do to you
  • Love one another as I have loved you
  • Forgive one another
  • The Prodigal Son (the lost son) is always welcome in his Father’s House
  • God is Love; turn to God with love for God; this will make God present in your midst and in your life.
  • The Kingdom of Heaven is within you. Seek first the Kingdom of Heaven, and all else will be added unto you.
Isalm - Main Teachings

The basic essentials in “The Practice of Islam” are summed up in the five pillars of faith which are:

  • There is only one God Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.
  • Prayer[Namaz] is the duty of every Muslim. The prescribed prayers five times daily must be observed.
  • Keeping Fast during the month of Ramadaan from morning to dusk is a duty for all
  • The giving of charity to the need (Zakat) is a religious duty
  • If possible, he must go on a pilgrimage[Haj] to Mecca atleast once in his lifetime

[Adapted from Sri Sathya Sai Balvikas Primer II]

NOTE TO GURUS: Gurus may refer to the topic ‘Unity of Faiths’ for reference materials on this topic.

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